Our publication requires that all citations meet the Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA). Please find a quick guide to OSCOLA referencing below. The full OSCOLA guide can be found here.



Do not use full stops in abbreviations. Separate citations with a semi-colon.




Give the party names, followed by the neutral citation, followed by the Law Reports citation (eg AC, Ch, QB). If there is no neutral citation, give the Law Reports citation followed by the court in brackets. If the case is not reported in the Law Reports, cite the All ER or the WLR, or failing that a specialist report.


Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13, [2008] 1 AC 884


R (Roberts) v Parole Board [2004] EWCA Civ 1031, [2005] QB 410


Page v Smith [1996] AC 155 (HL)


When pinpointing, give paragraph numbers in square brackets at the end of the citation.


If the judgment has no paragraph numbers, provide the page number pinpoint after the court.


Callery v Gray [2001] EWCA Civ 1117, [2001] 1 WLR 2112 [42], [45]


Bunt v Tilley [2006] EWHC 407 (QB), [2006] 3 All ER 336 [1]–[37]


R v Leeds County Court, ex p Morris [1990] QB 523 (QB) 530–31


If citing a particular judge:


Arscott v The Coal Authority [2004] EWCA Civ 892, [2005] Env LR 6 [27] (Laws LJ)


Statutes and Statutory Instruments


Act of Supremacy 1558 Human Rights Act 1998, s 15(1)(b)


Penalties for Disorderly Behaviour (Amendment of Minimum Age) Order 2004, SI 2004/3166


EU Legislation and Cases


Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union [2008] OJ C115/13


Council Regulation (EC) 139/2004 on the control of concentrations between undertakings (EC Merger Regulation) [2004] OJ L24/1, art 5


Case C–176/03 Commission v Council [2005] ECR I–7879, paras 47–48


European Court of Human Rights


Omojudi v UK (2009) 51 EHRR 10


Osman v UK ECHR 1998–VIII 3124


Balogh v Hungary App no 47940/99 (ECHR, 20 July 2004)


Simpson v UK (1989) 64 DR 188





Give the author’s name in the same form as in the publication, except in bibliographies, where you should give only the surname followed by the initial(s). Give relevant information about editions, translators and so forth before the publisher, and give page numbers at the end of the citation, after the brackets.


Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (first published 1651, Penguin 1985) 268


Gareth Jones, Goff and Jones: The Law of Restitution (1st supp, 7th edn, Sweet & Maxwell 2009)


K Zweigert and H Kötz, An Introduction to Comparative Law (Tony Weir tr, 3rd edn, OUP 1998)


Contributions to Edited Books


Francis Rose, ‘The Evolution of the Species’ in Andrew Burrows and Alan Rodger (eds), Mapping the Law: Essays in Memory of Peter Birks (OUP 2006)




Halsbury’s Laws (5th edn, 2010) vol 57, para 53


Journal Articles


Paul Craig, ‘Theory, “Pure Theory” and Values in Public Law’ [2005] PL 440


When pinpointing, put a comma between the first page of the article and the page pinpoint.


JAG Griffith, ‘The Common Law and the Political Constitution’(2001) 117 LQR 42, 64


Online Journals


Graham Greenleaf, ‘The Global Development of Free Access to Legal Information’ (2010) 1(1) EJLT < http://ejlt.org//article/view/17 > accessed 27 July 2010

Command Papers and Law Commission Reports


Department for International Development, Eliminating World Poverty: Building our Common Future (White Paper, Cm 7656, 2009) ch 5


Law Commission, Reforming Bribery (Law Com No 313, 2008) paras 3.12–3.17

Websites and Blogs


Sarah Cole, ‘Virtual Friend Fires Employee’ (Naked Law, 1 May 2009) accessed 19 November 2009

Newspaper Articles


Jane Croft, ‘Supreme Court Warns on Quality’ Financial Times (London, 1 July 2010) 3